A Clear Message From Colombian Police: Don&#039t Mess With &#039100 Years Of Solitude&#039

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A student reads aloud from Gabriel García Márquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude, or Cien Años de Soledad, in Bogota, Colombia. Fernando Vergara/AP hide caption

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Fernando Vergara/AP

This is the story of a stolen book, a sense of national pride and some inventive sleuthing. The book in query is a very first edition copy of A single Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez. In 2015, it was stolen from a Bogota, Colombia, book fair. Several cases in that city go unsolved since of a lack of sources, but local law enforcement went all out to solve this crime.

In its new season, the Spanish-language podcast Radio Ambulante tells the story of how the book was recovered. Host Daniel Alarcón tells NPR’s Kelly McEvers that the story left him with conflicting feelings.

“On the a single hand … we love García Márquez, we adore books, and so it’s just anything to celebrate,” he says. “On the other hand, it leaves this kind of odd taste in your mouth due to the fact you’re like, Nicely, if they can resolve that crime in six days, why do not they solve other crimes?”

Interview Highlights

On how the book was stolen

This story was reported by my colleague Camila Segura, who is the senior editor of Radio Ambulante. She’s a Colombian journalist, she lives in Bogota. … And what happened was that they had been celebrating García Márquez’s life a year following he passed away. They constantly invite a nation to be like, you know, a unique guest at the book fair in Bogota, and that year they invited Macondo, which is the produced-up [town] that García Márquez wrote about in so several novels. So as portion of the exhibition about Macondo, they had a collection of very first editions that had been brought by a bookseller.

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And, you know, I have been to that book fair, Kelly, like thousands of people come via there. I was there that year, in fact, even though I did not steal the book. … And in the midst of all of that chaos, a single day 1 of the booksellers that was in charge of searching more than this collection of books saw, appear at that, the window of this glass case is ajar and there’s a book missing. And it was a 1st edition, signed, of One Hundred Years of Solitude.

On how individuals reacted to the theft

It’s nearly like two parts of Colombia colliding. You know, this view of Colombia that is for export — which is the Macondo, this vision of Latin America that García Márquez has written about — and then also this kind of really urban, dark theft violence crime.

The theft of a book became national news, you know. And men and women have been outraged and there was just like this type of visceral feeling that this was some type of attack on the national pride. You know, part of it has to do with who Gabo is — you know, who García Márquez is — in that national culture. … It’s not just that he won the Nobel Prize, it really is the sort of books that he wrote, it is that he transformed national folklore into excellent art. … So he himself implies a lot. And the reality that this book were to vanish and that someone would have such a lack of respect for an individual of that stature … produced this national outcry. … It went about the globe. …

It is virtually like two parts of Colombia colliding. You know, this view of Colombia that is for export — which is the Macondo, this vision of Latin America that García Márquez has written about — and then also this kind of quite urban, dark theft violence crime. So these two competing visions collide in a location that was supposed to be a celebration of the former. And I think that’s what created men and women so upset.

On how the book was recovered

It was sort of wild. … We’re talking about a nation exactly where crimes go unsolved, exactly where murders go unsolved. And one of the factors that Camila identified as she was investigating this was that the police — and this is one thing I think that we all know intuitively — that the police sort of rank crimes as to their value and that significance often has to do with who’s breathing down their neck to solve it, and that often has to do with power, and that usually has to do with media. And so the theft of this book went about the globe … and so there was a true want to solve it and resolve it rapidly.

And she actually got to interview one of the policemen that was involved in the recovery. It involved a shootout it involved a high-speed chase by means of downtown Bogota it involved stakeouts and informants and all of this organization that appears like one thing out of a spy novel. …

It was found in a neighborhood close to central Bogota. … There had been competing stories, but the story that we heard involved a shootout and involved folks sort of operating away into the neighborhood and disappearing. [They found] the book in a box just type of on the street. … They had been becoming chased and it just dropped. … So they’ve recovered the stolen home, but no one’s been arrested for the crime itself.

On what drew him to the story

I’m interested in any story that complicates our vision of Latin America. … You know, García Márquez is each an iconic figure and … he’s not quite as relevant as he employed to be. Like, we’re reading distinct books, we’re discussing diverse factors. The world that he described is not the globe that exists anymore in Latin America.

Latin America is considerably much more urban than it was when García Márquez was telling his stories about Macondo, you know. The majority of Latin Americans reside in cities now, they don’t live in towns like Macondo. And so I was really interested in this clash … between this vision of a folkloric Latin America as described in the operate of García Márquez and this other Latin America, which is the a single that I know better. … And the truth that these two worlds collided in front of an audience of hundreds of thousands of millions of folks who followed the news of this stolen book and its recovery was also super attractive to me as a storyteller.

Arts &amp Life : NPR

From Pamplona, With Enjoy: &#039The Sun Also&#039 Turns 90

The Sun Also Rises

Ernest Hemingway, like all writers, signifies distinct issues to different men and women. To some, he represents a hunting, drinking, smoking, womanizing machismo that is offputting — to say the least. To my high-college thoughts, he was just some old white guy going on about a crusty fisherman desperate to snag a marlin — even though Ms. Fredericks, my English teacher, had forced us to read The Old Man and the Sea, I didn’t come to appreciate it, nor any of Hemingway’s books, till considerably later.

But in my early 20s, an individual mailed me a dusty copy of Hemingway’s very first novel, The Sun Also Rises. I’d by no means read anything very like it — and haven’t since.

Nowadays marks the 90th anniversary of the publication of that book. A masterpiece of the type, The Sun Also Rises is a uncommon feat in its energy and restraint, its terse but evocative sentences making a powerful impression as I was starting to hone in on my personal adore of words: “Don’t you ever get the feeling that all your life is going by and you’re not taking benefit of it?” a single character asks narrator Jake, an American newspaper reporter. “Do you comprehend you’ve lived nearly half the time you have to live already?”

Ernest Hemingway: Not just some old white guy going on about a crusty fisherman. Lloyd Arnold/Getty Images hide caption

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Lloyd Arnold/Getty Pictures

None of Hemingway’s other works, although some were excellent and even fantastic, quite captured the concept of desire and longing that his debut does. But there’s also a blatant sadness that permeates the entire novel, which, in truth, is what attracted me a lot more than anything. How could these depressed and oftentimes insufferable socialites be drawn so beautifully? And how on earth could such easy, stripped down prose carry this kind of emotional weight? Nathaniel Hawthorne says it best: “Easy reading is damn challenging writing.”

But for me, it really is a lot far more than that. When I read The Sun Also Rises – and I go back to it every single couple of years — I’m quickly transported to Pamplona, exactly where Hemingway’s characters go to watch the bullfights. I visited Pamplona as a kid with my loved ones, and I also watched the bullfights, with my father — who in all honesty does not deserve any more mention than that.

Except for the truth that he was the one particular who randomly sent me this wonderful book, much more than a decade soon after we’d lost touch.

The Sun Also Rises, a title taken from Ecclesiastes, is like its author in that it signifies various issues to distinct folks. Positive, some may well say that A Farewell to Arms is a much better book, or that For Whom the Bell Tolls is a more sophisticated piece of literature, but they are wrong. And that is in element simply because they did not visit Pamplona at a particular age, nor receive a random gift when they were young and impressionable, or they simply weren’t open adequate to be floored by what Hemingway was carrying out with language and, dear God, dialogue.

The Sun Also Rises centers on the inner lives of that now-infamous group Gertrude Stein known as the “Lost Generation,” but like all books it also holds private which means for every single reader. Its pages make me recall the noise of a crowd cheering on a brave matador, the expectation I felt as a boy, even the dizzying smell of blood in the air. They remind me of my father, who by no means gave me much much more than this perfect novel, which you might say is a hell of a lot.

Arts &amp Life : NPR

Slow-Watching Slow Tv: All Aboard The Train From Bergen To Oslo

This August, Netflix added about 25 hours of Norwegian reality Tv to its collection of bingeable content material. The show that sparked the slow Television trend, Bergensbanen Minutt for Minutt — or, as Netflix has redubbed it, Slow Tv: Train Ride Bergen to Oslo — aired in 2009, and featured the riveting very first-particular person tale of a train producing a trek from Bergen to Oslo. In order to attempt to recognize why so several individuals would choose escapism that does not abridge life for some higher objective, but alternatively allows you to burrow into the quotidian, un-concentrated moments of a person else’s life, we are going to reside-blog all seven hours and 14 minutes of this journey.

Buckle up — it’s going to be a rather smooth, if extremely long and boring ride.

:00: The train from Bergen to Oslo created its 1st voyage in 1909, but no 1 believed to put a camera on the front of it and transmit unedited footage of the journey till a century later. Practically 1.2 million viewers tuned in to watch part of the trip. Only 5 million people live in Norway. Nevertheless, fewer than 200,000 folks watched the plan all the way via. It is not a show for bingeing or getting a completist. Watching a slow Television show all the way by means of is like eating a king-size bag of Skittles and not throwing out the disgusting purple ones.

But right here we are.

It begins with a scene saved for several a movie’s end: the sun rising on a station platform as a train prepares to element. The setting is apparent — where else would a seven-hour Television particular about a train trip begin? — but it also feels like a courteous gesture on the part of the producers. If this is the clichéd scene that often precedes the credits, the plot have to be more than. There is no script to seek advice from, no Brita filter by means of which we can strain the impending scenery. I am about to invest seven hours watching a train that is not personified, has no friends, and definitely does not have Tom Cruise aboard traverse the Scandinavian countryside. There are six men and women on the platform, and two of them wave goodbye. A single of them is thrusting their arm more than their head at such a glacial pace it seems like a warning: If you think this is slow, turn back now. You can watch practically an entire season of Stranger Issues in the time that it will take to finish this journey. And you aren’t even on the train, so you don’t even get to visit a new location at the finish. You will still be on your bed. Go outside, get pleasure from life — it is interactive slow Tv! But the train has currently left the station, and has attained the calming, plodding speed that it will retain for considerably of the subsequent seven hours. It is as well late to get off now.

:01: Only one particular minute in, and we’ve reached our 1st tunnel, which means watching a black screen with whispering and weird whirring sounds in the background for 4 minutes. It feels like sitting in a low-spending budget sensory deprivation chamber that an individual rigged up inside a washing machine at a busy laundromat. The route characteristics much more than 11 miles of tunnels. Can we really contact this slow Television if we don’t watch the workers spend months carving out pathways through the walls of metamorphic rock, or witness the rock 1st blocking the train’s path right after exposure to intense heat and pressure millions of years ago, just before lastly seeing the locomotive make its glorious expedition?

For a short moment, the train is outside once again. Then the screen goes black once again. Maybe the explanation that so many individuals watched this show is simply because they assumed their Tv was off.

:ten: Judging from the several stories that have been published in the past 5 years trying to figure out why any person would watch these shows, there are 3 primary ways to defend Norwegian reality Tv. Initial, it is the Norway equivalent of singing “The Star-Spangled Banner” for seven hours straight. Norway is beautiful, and shows like this let you freebase the landscape in its undiluted glory. It is like placing chamomile tea in a humidifier while you listen to the rainstorm choice on your phone’s White Noise app. The slow Television shows National Firewood Morning, National Firewood Evening, and National Firewood Night, which span a combined 12 hours, pregames the endless showcase of crackling fires with debates about how to appropriately stack wood and serves as an ode to Norway’s timber. A couple of years later, a book titled Norwegian Wood — no, not the Beatles song or the Haruki Murakami novel — became a wild greatest seller across the globe simply because, not in spite of of, its insanely in-depth suggestions of how to appropriately chop wood and stack it. It is like those writing prompts your elementary college teachers gave you about how to clarify to an alien how you’d open a door or sharpen a pencil. There is an complete Cosmo-style web page devoted to explaining what you can inform about a potential spouse from their woodpile. (If you see “large and tiny logs piled together, the particular person who constructed it is frugal. Kindling sneaked in amongst the logs suggests a considerate man.”) Like slow Tv, it is gorgeous, and probably it would not have worked as nicely if its prose could not luxuriate in each and every last detail. (I would also subscribe to Norwegian Cosmo and read articles like 10 Pairs of Flannel Long Johns That Will Rock His Wool Socks, What He’s Trying to Say When He Stares at the Fire for Five Hours in Full Silence, and Fifty Shades of Gray: How to Perk Up Your Sex Life When the World Outdoors Is All the Exact same Colour.)

Second, as our industrious narrator Rune Møklebust puts it, you never know what will come about subsequent. “Will the cow preserve walking? Will it cease?” he told the New York Times in 2014. “You just do not know. And this is thrilling.” Other people have compared it to NASCAR, but rather of waiting for a crash, you are waiting to see if anything will happen at all. Yet another “slow Tv pioneer” told the Washington Post final year that that dash of intrigue was sufficient: “Probably absolutely nothing much will come about in the next hour, but you never ever know!” Thirdly, and probably most importantly, it is a communal activity, like watching the debates or the Olympics. It appears unlikely that this concept could succeed if millions of people couldn’t descend on Twitter to watch what men and women were saying about the train in genuine-time in order to make the act of watching the passage of time bearable. A single teacher told the Wall Street Journal that she let her students watch when a journalist performed a 30-hour-long interview with an individual “known to the Norwegian public for a seemingly infinite knowledge of American presidents, a renowned obsession with allergies and flair for the unconventional — such as once obtaining grown his beard on only one side.”

“It was very exciting for us to be element of anything that happened in the precise very same second, someplace in Oslo,” she mentioned.

:49: Plot twist: It’s foggy.

:55: Almost an hour into the show, we ultimately glimpse our 1st humans, once again at Voss Station. If the entirety of Wall-E have been specifically like the wordless initial 22 minutes of the film and featured a hunk of metal that was deeply infatuated with a taciturn tunnel that it weirdly kept meeting more than and over once more, it would be exactly like the very first hour of Bergensbanen Minutt for Minutt.

1:12: Passengers are reminded over the loudspeaker that you can get hot dogs in the café car. There is a specific where you can get a cup of coffee and a cinnamon bun for 30 krone. Snowcapped mountains are lastly visible. Three dogs are chasing each and every other in a yard. This is the most thrilling point that is happened.

1:22: There are drops of water on the window in front of the camera. If the camera is the protagonist of this show, this is the 1st adversity she has faced as a result far. It is not clear how she will overcome such a trial, given that she has no free of charge will and her destiny has been preordained: She will get to Oslo.

1:30: Even though Norwegian reality Television unfurls at a pace that obeys the strictures of space and time, the cow to Snowpiercer’s condensed milk, it is not genuine life. In life, you can not break the fourth wall, which just happened on Bergensbanen Minutt for Minutt. A single of the individuals who made this Tv show is on the train, explaining to the passengers what the show will be like although we are watching the show.

“Nothing will be played on rapidly-forward,” Rune Møklebust explains. (I refuse to think that something thrilling is not about to come about you do not put an omniscient figure named Rune Møklebust in your Tv show unless you want something terribly fantastical to happen.) “The system will be in true time.” It’s not clear regardless of whether Rune Møklebust is a reliable narrator, but he does seem to be telling the truth here. What is clear is that if Norway ever does a 24-hour version of Ferris Bueller’s Day Off, Rune Møklebust need to play the primary character.

two:00: At Myrdal Station, a tourist in a fedora requires a photo of the train. He is possibly unaware that he is getting watched, and that his movements will be later seen by thousands.

2:30: Plot improvement: There’s snow everywhere. The train is passing the Hardangerjøkulen glacier, which is where the Hoth scenes for Star Wars had been filmed. Imagine watching The Empire Strikes Back, except with no any Tauntauns and one hundred percent far more undulating train tracks, and that is essentially what’s on-screen correct now.

3:00: Right after this aired, was the train conductor like, “FINALLY. Now every person knows how cool my job is,” or was he like, “Why would any individual watch this if they weren’t getting paid?”

three:10: THERE WAS A BRIDGE FOR Five SECONDS. My heart is pounding.

three:13: Another TRAIN JUST PASSED BY. Anything that is not snow is intoxicating. Power lines, signs, intriguing whispers off-screen taking place in the front of the train — I will inhale it all.

3:30: America has been doing slow Tv for decades — NYC Television station WPIX first shot footage of a festive fire at Gracie Mansion for a 3-hour-extended Christmas system in 1966. Because then, there have been bear and panda cams, but nothing at all that approaches the phenomenon status of Norway’s programming. But it would be low cost for a network to just place a camera on an Amtrak train, and the resulting footage would be weird sufficient to become a social media event. (Please do this.) Or possibly when C-SPAN is done filming the proceedings in the Senate for the day, the camera is left on to document whatever does not occur when the chamber is empty. Toy Story, except for the legislative branch.

4:00: It may well be hard to judge the allure of Bergensbanen Minutt for Minutt if you aren’t watching it along with thousands of Norwegians on social media, because you decided it would be sensible to watch it on Netflix, by yourself, seven years later. The appeal is still understandable. It feels somewhat like mass or going for a run — a familiar backdrop for an extended period of pondering. Just due to the fact you have a lot of time to consider does not mean you have to consider about anything profound, which is why I have been spending the past 4 hours trying to learn any attainable plots hiding off-screen. I am desperate to hang a narrative onto this show.

The most promising lead is that a romantic comedy is unfolding in the front of the train. It’s like if Before Sunrise, Ahead of Sunset, and Ahead of Midnight had been smushed into 1 film, and all the action took place in locations not possible to discern if you lack peripheral vision. This whole time, bracketed captions have appeared at the bottom of the screen dropping hints about what is happening behind the camera. My understanding of what tends to make a plot may possibly have entirely disassembled in the previous couple of hours, but these sound like stage directions for a mediocre rom-com that I would watch appropriate now:

[metallic clang] [faint laughter] [announcement continues indistinctly] [metallic clang] [indistinct conversation] [woman laughs] [metallic clang] [laughter] [chimes] [driver moves objects about the cabin] [man coughs] [metallic clang] [internal door opens] [internal door closes] [woman laughs] [train horn blares] [crockery rattles] [man: The view is good.] [mobile telephone alert] [man laughs]

Other feasible plotlines:

• The tourist taking photos was a spy. The fedora was a disguise.

• The Norwegians have taken over the Polar Express train, and all the indistinct conversation is just animated Tom Hanks attempting to speak over his gag.

• The water droplets return to foil Rune Møklebust’s plan to make the greatest Tv show of all time.

• That cow that Møklebust described ultimately seems. The cow had been waiting its entire life to locate the train that killed its father and get revenge. However, the cow, which had been waiting five hours for the train right after researching the schedule, picked the exact incorrect moment to turn about and stare at the reflection of the trees in the lake. The train passes. The cow continues to wait, unaware that it missed every thing.

• In the finish, we find out that it was all a dream. Becoming a conductor in Norway is like becoming a taxi driver in London (we hope), and an aspiring enthusiast who has been studying for his final exams with no sleeping for days finally goes to bed. He sleeps for seven hours, and dreams in trains.

4:10: There is a lot of [indistinct conversation] and [laughing] happening. I want these captions have been a lot more certain. Are we talking [witty banter] or [passive-aggressive comment] or [story about my childhood that aids you comprehend my flaws]? Outdoors the train, where exciting items are possibly taking place that we aren’t allowed to watch, the mountains are reflected in the lake, and the snow is gone. There need to be a subsidy for red or yellow houses in Norway, since they are everywhere.

4:15: I’m trying to heighten my potential to appreciate the several notes hidden in a swig of utter boredom by reading about other mundane trends. Did you know, for example, that there is a Boring Conference? “Previous highlights,” per The Guardian, “include a talk about electric hand dryers by ‘a man so fascinated by them that he had installed a Dyson Airblade in his property,’ and a speaker who ‘rollerbladed round the hall although reading from a book about the relative weights and densities of distinct kinds of metal.’” The founder of this annual occasion says that when you look at ordinary events “more closely, they reveal themselves to be truly deeply fascinating.”

4:37: Somebody adjusted the camera.

four:48: Five vehicles just passed. Given that we’ve only seen, like, three vehicles on this entire trip, it appears safe to assume that it was a vehicle chase. Issues are obtaining thrilling here as we approach hour five.

five:00: Only two hours left. You can tell we’re nearing the end the train is subsequent to a well-traveled road (maybe it wasn’t a car chase), and there are more red houses than usual. The mountains have receded, and the ground is mainly flat. The front of the train is quieter than usual. At this point, I cheat and get up to make a phone get in touch with, explaining to the particular person on the other end of the line that I am watching a cerebral spy romance. I do not advise that they watch the system. When I reluctantly return to my laptop, the screen appears specifically the identical.

five:14: This show would be infinitely greater if it had a Werner Herzog voice-over noting that the yellow light at the end of the tunnel never appears to get any closer, that the darkness is absolute, and that the world appears to have left us behind, leaving behind a flickering beacon reminding us of all the time we have lost. But then it wouldn’t be Norwegian reality Tv. Maybe the only answer is to have Werner Herzog do the train announcements for each and every train in the world, so that it becomes real life. But can you reside life if you are trapped in your screen, seduced by a window into the globe outdoors? In real life, would you not be in a position to stare out a diverse window? Would you not be in a position to get a hot dog in the café automobile? But there can be no voice-over in true life. We should try to edit which means into the train ride ourselves. No one can discern the motives of the hypothetical and miserable cow or the unending metallic clangs but ourselves.

five:17: Bergensbanen Minutt for Minutt is testing us. The train tracks aren’t even curving any longer. We’re just going in a straight line on an empty plain. This is like operating the 46th mile of a marathon.

5:20: This show has much less than two stars on Netflix. According to Netflix’s algorithm, individuals who take pleasure in Bergensbanen Minutt for Minutt will also get pleasure from Cosmos, Secrets of Fantastic British Castles, Kung Fu Panda: Secrets of the Scroll, and Don’t Trust the B in Apt. 23.

5:30: I have watched much more than five hours of Norwegian reality Tv, and the only point I have learned is that 24 was a lie.

six:11: The train has stopped. We have to wait for a signal to continue. We can be thankful that Karl Ove Knausgaard was not in charge of this production, since he would most likely make a seven-hour plan about the three minutes we paused on the tracks, unspooling all the agonizing thoughts he had about his childhood in that spare moment.

six:30: The cafeteria is now closed, not that the person watching this on Tv cares because no a single on-screen even presented them a hot dog. The person on the loudspeaker welcomes us back for one more trip. Has anyone ever watched Bergenbanen: Minutt for Minutt twice? The train will be arriving five minutes late. This is like getting told that you are in fact watching the extended reduce of Gigli.

six:58: The disembodied voice thanks us for riding with him. The trees and lakes have been replaced with graffiti-covered walls and imposing gray buildings. We start off where we started — in an exceptionally lengthy tunnel. We are now stopped at an underground train platform, and could never ever reach our final destination.

7:02: Oh god, we’re still at the National Theater platform. If waiting underground at a train quit that requires passengers to watch entertaining shows for what appears like hours is supposed to be a joke, NO 1 IS LAUGHING.

7:04: OK, we moved. Now the train is in a tunnel once more.

7:06: Oh, holy mother of Rune Møklebust, the train stopped once more. This is how it should have felt to be on a single of the subway vehicles that wasn’t filled with crickets on the train that stopped for 30 minutes in New York City last week. This Tv show has a lot more false endings than a Peter Jackson film.

7:11: We have ultimately arrived in Oslo. Prior to we get the chance to see what our location is like, the screen fades to black, reminding us that this show was all about the journey, even although it is dark outdoors now and we traveled across an complete nation without having ever leaving the apartment. Maybe you need to watch all 12 hours of the Firewood show to actually reach the Norwegian slow Tv equivalent of OT VIII. Even worse, I need to have blinked when the cow appeared. Did it hold walking? Did it cease? Does it matter?


Adopted From Abroad? Tell Us Your Meals Stories

Family sitting around table eating dinner, a woman's arms in the foreground.

Robert Daly/Getty Pictures

At The Salt, we speak a lot about how food and cultures intersect and how we can understand about ourselves via what we eat — or don’t eat.

For numerous of us, food can serve as a way to discover our heritage. But what happens when you grow up in a household with a various ethnic, racial or cultural background than your own? How does food play into your sense of who you are?

If you are an international adoptee, and you’ve got a story about meals, residence and identity, we want to hear from you. Your story could end up on radio or NPR.org!

What you want to do:

1. Record a Voice Memo on your smartphone.
two. Start by telling us your name and exactly where you reside. (Instance: “Hi my name is ______, and I live in _____.” )
three. Inform us how old you are.
four. Inform us your story in two minutes or much less, answering these questions (anecdotes are great):

— Exactly where had been you adopted from?
— Exactly where had been you raised?
— How does meals play into your sense of who you are? (Or perhaps it does not, on goal.) Are there stories or anecdotes associated to specific dishes?

five. E-mail the Voice Memo file to thesalt@npr.org. Make confident the e-mail involves the right spelling of your name and how to reach you by telephone.

If you happen to be not certain how to record a Voice Memo, right here are great directions from our buddies at WNYC.

As well shy to record a voice memo? You can also join the conversation on Twitter @NPRFood.

Arts &amp Life : NPR

&#039Just Hold Swimming&#039: A Lesson In Fortitude From Dory And Degeneres

Thirteen years after her sidekick role in the animated undersea adventure Finding Nemo, Ellen Degeneres returns to put her forgetful fish into the lead role in Finding Dory.

Thirteen years following her sidekick role in the animated undersea adventure Obtaining Nemo, Ellen Degeneres returns to place her forgetful fish into the lead role in Finding Dory. Christopher Polk/Getty Photos for PCA hide caption

toggle caption Christopher Polk/Getty Photos for PCA

When Discovering Nemo came out in 2003, it was Dory, the plucky, forgetful, blue fish, who taught us all, in the face of adversity, to “just preserve swimming.”

Ellen Degeneres, who voiced Dory, says she was “flattered and honored and awed,” to have her legacy tied to such a determined and optimistic little fish.

Dory came along during a specifically tough time for Degeneres — “I hadn’t worked for 3 years,” she tells NPR’s Kelly McEvers.

Degeneres came out publicly as a lesbian in 1997. She had been starring in the sit-com Ellen, and her Television character came out, too. But ratings dropped and the show was canceled.

“I was being made fun of for 3 years,” Degeneres says. “I was becoming attacked for becoming gay, and nobody would hire me and so I was out of cash. It was not even the money — I mean, that is important but — it was just … all of a sudden not getting validated as a comedian or as an intelligent woman just because I shared an aspect of my life.”

Degeneres talks with McEvers about how she got through that hard time, and about the new film Discovering Dory, in which her character is no longer a sidekick.

Interview Highlights

On her encounter coming out

It just validated what everybody’s worry was. It really is like, you just stay quiet, you have a profession and you will be fine. I just did not want to keep quiet and it turned me into a political lightning rod. I just never ever wanted to be political. I wanted to let go of shame and let go of any kind of heaviness I was carrying around.

On enduring challenging instances

No one desires poor factors to take place to them, but … I appear [back] at that now and specially that low point, and … I am absolutely nothing but grateful for it. Due to the fact it gave me layers that I wouldn’t have had.

I know what it feels like to be made exciting of, I know what it feels like to be beaten up, I know what it feels like to have every little thing and then drop almost everything and then gradually try to build back up. … So I have compassion for men and women and I want to be a champion for victims of bullying or victims of some type of judgement or hate.

On how Discovering Nemo located her

I had no notion how a huge of a deal it would be. I wasn’t as familiar with all the Pixar films and what a cool issue this was going to be. But [writer and director] Andrew [Stanton] referred to as and I did know who he was. …. He stated, “I wrote this element with you in mind — there is a fish and she has brief term memory loss. I heard your voice.”

Dory and friends go in search of her family in the new film Finding Dory.

Dory and friends go in search of her family in the new film Obtaining Dory. Pixar/Disney through AP hide caption

toggle caption Pixar/Disney via AP

I feel he heard my stand-up simply because I tend to do these rambling stories exactly where I commence in one particular location and then I finish up way, way, out and never am speaking about what I start off to speak about. And so he heard that, and that’s Dory. …

On the definition of family and home

I feel household is different for everybody. I think the classic family naturally still exists, but it really is not the only household. I feel classic family, that definition is altering and I feel more and a lot more there are a lot of divorces, there are a lot of single moms raising little ones, a lot of single dads raising children, and a lot of adoptions. …

What does household imply? … What is house? The most crucial point for me is home is understanding who you are. … And at times men and women never know who they are till they go home, whatever that property is. I consider that journey to [Dory’s] house … everyone can relate to what that indicates to try to uncover out exactly where you came from, what occurred to you, how’d you get there.

Arts &amp Life : NPR

From Health-related Maggots To Stench Soup, &#039Grunt&#039 Explores The Science Of Warfare


Frank Rossoto Stocktrek/Getty Images

Science writer Mary Roach is not effortlessly repulsed. Even though researching her newest book, Grunt, Roach learned all about the medicinal use of maggots in World War I. She also purposely sniffed a putrid scent identified as “Who me?” that was created as an experimental weapon during Globe War II.

For Roach, it really is all in the name of research. “I am sort of the bottom-feeder of science writing,” Roach jokes to Fresh Air‘s Terry Gross. “I’m just an individual who is OK with being quite out there with my curiosity.”

Roach’s curiosity compelled her in previous books to dive deep into the science of cadavers, sex and digestion. Now, in Grunt, she examines the science of warfare — especially some of the scientific developments that help stop wounds from becoming infected, and enhance the chances that soldiers will endure the heat of the desert and survive explosions.

Interview Highlights

On combating the issue of diarrhea in the military

It’s specifically serious among unique operations service members — Army Rangers, Navy SEALs, people who are operating off the primary bases in really remote rural regions in villages where there isn’t a secure water provide. They may be eating meals that is been contaminated by flies, not refrigerated, so they’re obtaining diarrhea at a rate that’s twice what the typical enlisted person is acquiring.


And the typical enlisted particular person — there was a study carried out, I think it was 2003 to [2004] and they asked folks, “How frequently did you come down with diarrhea, and what type?” Seventy-some percent had diarrhea — 40 % negative adequate that they sought health-related remedy, and 32 % had been in a scenario where they couldn’t get to a toilet in time.

You could picture if you have been a specific operations team, like three or 4 men and women going to do some hugely classified crucial mission exactly where you can not truly stop and say, “Hold on, I got to go behind that rock.” …

The researcher that I accompanied at Camp Lemonnier [in Djibouti] is Capt. Mark Riddle, who is with the Navy, and he’s searching at a far better remedy regimen for traveler’s diarrhea, which can really put you out of commission for a even though. He’s hunting at a one particular-dose regimen, rather than 3 or four days it was anything that you could take, and inside the day start off to be feeling much better and be more than it.

On maggots employed to clean and heal wounds throughout WWI

This was a battlefield in Planet War I, and there was a healthcare man, William Baer, with the French expeditionary forces, and he noticed that a couple of his individuals had come in with these wounds on the legs and on the genitals. They had been out in the field for seven days. They’d been lying there, they have been brought in, and the wounds were infested with maggots. …

Initially there was that revulsion of, “Oh my God we’ve got to clean them out.” And they did clean them out, and then what he saw was this lovely pink, new, fresh tissue that had grown in.

The maggots had been impressively successful at debriding the wound — that is, consuming the dead tissue — which is crucial in wound healing. You want to let the fresh tissue have a chance to grow. The dead tissue doesn’t get blood it doesn’t heal. It stands in the way of healing.

The maggots also seemed to prevent infection … so it was this kind of miraculous feat that the maggots had achieved. And William Baer some years later, back in civilian life, he kept pondering about this and he thought, “I’m going to attempt this.” There were some children with bone infections — it was TB infection of the bone — and he attempted the maggots, and it worked.

You can envision that was a pretty brave issue to do, to place maggots in these children’s wounds. But they have been wounds that had not responded to other therapy or surgery, and it in fact worked. There’s perform going on nonetheless today with maggot therapy, as it really is known as. Really, the FDA has authorized maggots as a healthcare device. … I can actually inform you the Medicare reimbursement quantity for maggots.

On the problem of employing maggots in modern hospitals

Not only is there a revulsion issue that you have to overcome with the employees — the nurses are going to have to go in — you are going to have to clean the maggots out after a couple of days. You do not want them to pupate, turn out to be flies, due to the fact you consider, flies flying around a hospital is the last thing you would ever want, simply because a fly can spread illness from landing on material in the bathroom and then landing on a wound. It’s the final point you’d want in a hospital, so you have to be cautious employing maggots. …

They’re not any old maggots. They’re a particular sort of bottle fly. They’re from a business called Healthcare Maggots. They come with a dosage card — it is something like five to eight maggots per such-and-such square centimeters. … They come in a vial, type of like drugs. You never want to just sort of attract any kind of fly to come and lay eggs in a wound. That would be a tiny dicey. … You require a prescription, although!

On the usage of stink bombs for the duration of WWII

I use the term “stink bomb” sort of casually … this was far more specifically a … squirtable spray, or a smearable paste. The idea was to get this very easy, low-cost weapon into the hands of resistance organizations. Individuals in occupied nations — France, China — give it to them, and they would surreptitiously approach officers, German or Japanese officers, and squirt this little 2-inch tube of this quite heavily researched and tested, quite foul-smelling odor, which was nicknamed “Who Me?” as in “Who dealt it.” So it was a sort of surreal and bizarre chapter in the history of Planet War II. …

The thought was to give motivated citizens things that they could very easily and cheaply use to undermine morale, to isolate, humiliate these officers. It’s a quite little gesture it wasn’t going to turn the tide of war. And in truth, “Who Me?” — this smell paste — was by no means deployed. The project went on for two years. And a lot of testing went on, since of a tremendous quantity of difficulty with the delivery method. The tubes tended to leak and dribble, and then the operator, himself or herself, would have this stench on their hand. … It was a bit of a fiasco.

On the ongoing study to find a universal poor smell for stink bombs

There’s nevertheless function that goes on. Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia has accomplished perform more than the years on malodorants. They designed one particular named “Stench Soup.” …The Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate, back in the ’90s, commissioned them to come up with a universally loathed scent, simply because there are some cultural variations. They really looked into different cultural reactions to the scent of vomit, of burned hair, of dirty feet, all of these different odors to see, “Can we find 1 that is universally loathed?” And then we could use that in any military setting, in any nation, in any culture. It really is very difficult to do. If you don’t know what you are smelling — for example, butyric acid, depending on the context, might smell like smelly feet or it may smell like Parmesan cheese, just completely depends on the context, whether or not you feel it smells very good or negative. …

I truly have, in a box in my closet, a sample of “stench soup.” It’s in a bottle that is double bagged and sealed with paraffin and packed in a box and I haven’t had the courage to open up, since the last time I opened up some thing that came from the Monell Chemical Senses Center, which was an old archival sample of “Who Me?” and I opened it up out on the deck, it was quite some time prior to anybody could go out on the deck. I really gagged. As you can imagine, I’m not very easily repulsed or … disgusted.

Arts &amp Life : NPR

Ahead of Leaping Onto Kanye&#039s Records, A-Trak Forged A Career From Scratch

&quotThere had never even been a Canadian DJ that made it to the finals, period,&quot says Alan Macklovitch, aka A-Trak. &quotAnd I came in and I won.&quot

“There had by no means even been a Canadian DJ that made it to the finals, period,” says Alan Macklovitch, aka A-Trak. “And I came in and I won.” Kenneth Cappello/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

toggle caption Kenneth Cappello/Courtesy of the artist

At very first glance, it seems effortless to spot the point at which Alan Macklovitch’s career leapt into an additional tier of international stardom. The Canadian DJ — who goes by the name A-Trak onstage — recalls an afternoon in London, exactly where he’d been booked to play a show at a tiny record shop in 2004.

It turns out he wasn’t the only 1 performing there that day. So was another young artist by the name of John Legend — “and Kanye West came to help John Legend,” Macklovitch says.

West had been in London for a promotional trip for his record label, correct around the time his first album, College Dropout, dropped in retailers.

“Men and women who paid interest knew that Kanye was really going to revolutionize hip-hop. And I was a single of these individuals,” Macklovitch says. “I was truly excited about him.”

Soon after West caught Macklovitch’s show — purely by coincidence — that excitement rapidly became mutual.

“When he saw me, that light bulb went off above his head,” Macklovitch recalls, “and he said, ‘I discovered my DJ! That guy’s going to be my DJ!’ “

And that was it all it took. Macklovitch says he toured with West for 4 years, brewing a collaboration that extended beyond the stage and into the studio — for some of West’s most well-known tracks, like “Gold Digger.” You can catch Macklovich’s perform most certainly in the closing seconds of the song.


Scratch In Chapters

But that’s not the only moment Macklovitch marks as his large break.

“My profession spans about 20 years at this point. And so, it feels like there is distinct chapters to it — and every single chapter has a type of break,” he says.

Rewind that profession back to its origins, and you’ll discover a preteen kid who did not know significantly about record-scratching — manipulating records to generate rhythms and melodies from the sounds of scratching. What he did know, he knew only from clips in hip-hop music videos or random scenes in The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air.

But he did have his father’s record player at home — and he decided one day to take it for a spin. Surprisingly, he did not break the thing his initial attempts truly “sounded sort of all appropriate,” he says.

“And I had some of my dad’s vinyl and I had my dad’s double LP for Stevie Wonder’s Songs in the Essential of Life,” Macklovitch recalls. “Once I began taking it seriously, which was pretty speedily, I would just come house and practice for hours each and every day. It gets quite technical, and it is equivalent to any other musical instrument, except that scratching would usually be self-taught.”

So, he dug into rap records that featured scratching, playing scratch solos more than and over just to figure out the tricks and strategies behind them. Inside two years, in 1997, he entered the DMC Globe DJ Championships, the premier international DJ competition, and headed to Italy to execute in the finals.

He was just 15 years old.

“I remember extremely properly I had to miss class. I had to speak to my teachers and say I was going to Italy for a scratching competitors,” he laughs, “which went more than people’s heads. They looked at me puzzled, but they permitted me to miss a few days of college.”

Soon, he was on his way to Rimini, Italy — with his mom, turn tables in hand.

(Heads up: There is some salty language in this video.)


“There had in no way even been a Canadian DJ that created it to the finals, period. And I came in and I won.”

And that, Macklovitch says, was the commence of it all, the very first of a string of large breaks that have led him to this moment.

“There was demands for me to play in diverse countries. I got booked to play in Korea two months later. That was my 1st international gig,” he says. “Almost everything took off from there.”

As component of a series named My Huge Break, All Issues Considered is collecting stories of triumph, big and little. These are the moments when every thing seems to click, and people leap forward into their careers.

Arts &amp Life : NPR

Can You Guess Even Far more Disney Channel Original Motion pictures From Emojis? [QUIZ]

The 100th Disney Channel Original Movie (!!!) will premiere later this year, and what much better way to celebrate all factors DCOM by taking an additional emoji-themed quiz?

Final year, you aced our first DCOM emoji quiz with flying colors… or, possibly not (whatever, we do not judge). Now we’re back with fifteen new movies that’ve been emojified. You’ll require all of the Luck of the Irish to master this 1, though.

I am still upset I wasn’t a contestant on ‘Figure It Out’ in the ’90s.